Monument record MLI91075 - Settlement of Silk Willoughby


The settlement of Willoughby is first mentioned in the Domesday Book. It was amalgamated with Silkby sometime in the later medieval period to form the settlement of Silk Willoughby which survives to the present.

Type and Period (2)

  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Modern - 1000 AD to 2050 AD)
  • (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

PRN 65128 The settlement of Willoughby is first mentioned in the Domesday Book. Land there belonged to the Bishop of Durham, the Bishop of Lincoln, Gilbert de Gand, Waldin the Breton, Odo the Arblaster and Robert of Stafford. It had a minimum population of 14 villeins, 32 sokemen, 2 bordars and a priest. A church is also mentioned. {1} The place name Willoughby is probably a partial Scandinavianisation of an Old English name meaning "the farmstead,village where willows grow". {2} The Lay Subsidy of 1334 lists Willoughby with Silkby and records their combined wealth as £6 10s 2 3/4d, above average for their wapentake (Aswardhurn). {3} It is unclear when Willoughby was amalgamated with Silkby to form Silk Willoughby, but it appears to have happened by the end of the 15th century (see also PRN 60492). {4} The Diocesan Return of 1563 records 42 families resident at Silk Willoughby. {5} By the late 17th-early 18th century there were 40 households in the parish. {6} By 1801 there were 225 people resident in the parish, rising to 280 in 1881 before falling again to 226 by 1901. {7} The landowners at Willoughby and Silkby, then at Silk Willoughby, are discussed by Trollope. {8} Medieval pottery and a medieval seal were found in a garden on School Lane (the exact location of these finds is not given). A coin of Edward I was also found in the vicinity of School Lane but its exact location is unknown. A Nuremburg jetton was found in the churchyard. {10} Scatters of medieval pottery were found in various fields around the village during fieldwalking. The pottery includes Stamford ware, green glazed ware, shelly ware and a rouletted rim. An iron key of possible medieval date and a Queen Anne silver shilling of 1708 were also found. {11} Several coins, a fishing or loom weight and some medieval pottery were found during metal detecting on land behind Home Farm. The coins include two of Charles II and at least one of Edward III. {12}

Sources/Archives (12)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 3/37; 7/53; 24/102; 46/3; 48/13; 59/20.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. pp 139-40.
  •  Article in Serial: R.E. Glasscock. 1964. 'The Lay Subsidy of 1334 for Lincolnshire' in Lincolnshire Architectural and Archaeological Society Reports and Papers. vol.10.2, p.123.
  •  Unpublished Document: R.H. Healey and D.R. Roffe. Some Medieval and Later Earthworks in South Lincolnshire. pp 25-6.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Gerald A.J. Hodgett. 1975. Tudor Lincolnshire. p 190.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: R.E.G. Cole. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part 1: Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. p 143.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William Page (ed). 1906. The Victoria County History: Lincolnshire - Volume 2. p 360.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Edward Trollope. 1872. Sleaford and the Wapentakes of Flaxwell and Aswardhurn in the County of Lincoln. pp 459-62.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William White. 1856. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire - Second Edition. p 552.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: SIMMONS, B.B.. 2000. The Archaeology of Silk Willoughby: An Account of the Field Survey 1994-1999. pp 30-1, pp 44-49.
  •  Report: Silk Willoughby Archaeology Group. 1993-98. Fieldwalking in Silk Willoughby. No 1, No 3, No 9.
  •  Index: Heritage Trust of Lincolnshire. North Kesteven Records. SILK WILLOUGHBY. NK 55.29.



Grid reference Centred TF 05636 42851 (309m by 546m)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (2)

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Mar 21 2021 8:35PM


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