Monument record MLI89977 - Settlement of Burton Pedwardine


The settlement of Burton Pedwardine is first mentioned in Domesday Book and survives to the present.

Type and Period (8)

  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Modern - 1000 AD to 2050 AD)
  • (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

Burton Pedwardine is first mentioned in Domesday Book. Land there belonged to Gilbert de Gand and Guy of Craon. The minimum population consisted of 65 sokemen, 9 villeins, 19 bordars and a priest (although some of Gilbert de Gand's sokemen and bordars may have been resident in Helpringham - entry 24/105 is not clear about this). A church and a mill are also mentioned. {1} 'Burton' refers to a farmstead or village by a fortified place, from the Old English 'burh' and 'tun'. 'Pedwardine' is a family name. {2} The Lay Subsidy of 1334 recorded the village's wealth as £7 16s 5 1/2d, slightly above average for its wapentake (Aswardhurn). {3} The Diocesan Return of 1563 recorded 25 households resident in the parish. {4} By the late 17th/early 18th century there were 16 families resident in the parish, falling to 14. {5} In 1801, 94 people were resident in the parish, rising to 202 in 1881 before falling again to 154 by 1901. {6} The landowners in the parish from the medieval period to the mid 19th century are discussed by Trollope. {7} Some of the residents of the parish in the 18th and 19th centuries are briefly discussed by White. {8} Extensive earthworks of medieval settlement activity are visible all around the current village, including the remains of crofts, ridge and furrow, a hollow way and a triangular area which may be a village green, (PRN 64532a - TF 1173 4212, TF 1185 4223, TF 1186 4199, TF 1200 4211, and TF 1201 4227). The 'burh' part of the placename may be a reference to the Manor House moated site (see PRN 60273). {9}{10}{11} The remains of medieval activity was recorded during trial trenching, conducted in September 2015 on land off Helpringham Road (PRN 64532b - TF 1203 4220). The activity comprised the remains of a probable former pond, several pits, traces of possible boundary walls, and a large number of ditches, almost all of which were arranged in a rectilinear pattern, suggestive of former enclosures or paddocks. A large assemblage of early to late medieval pottery was recovered from the fills of many of these features, comprising sherds from a wide variety of different fabrics and vessel forms, including large quantities of St Neots-type ware, Stamford ware and Bourne type wares. A few pieces of medieval tile were also recovered, along with an assemblage of animal bone, comprised of the remains of a range of different domesticated animals, and thought to largely represent domestic butchery waste. Analysis of an environmental sample, taken from the fill of one of the pits, identified the presence of large quantities of plant and food remains, indicating that the site was close to an area of occupation, and was used for the disposal of domestic refuse. The lack of any identified structural remains on the site, however, and the presence of the former pond would suggest that this specific area was perhaps boggier than other nearby places, and was itself unsuitable for domestic occupation. {12}{13}

Sources/Archives (13)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 24/105; 57/30.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. pp.23-4.
  •  Article in Serial: R.E. Glasscock. 1964. 'The Lay Subsidy of 1334 for Lincolnshire' in Lincolnshire Architectural and Archaeological Society Reports and Papers. vol.10.2, p.123.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Gerald A.J. Hodgett. 1975. Tudor Lincolnshire. p.190.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: R.E.G. Cole. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part 1: Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. p.25.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William Page (ed). 1906. The Victoria County History: Lincolnshire - Volume 2. p.360.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Edward Trollope. 1872. Sleaford and the Wapentakes of Flaxwell and Aswardhurn in the County of Lincoln. pp.343-7.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William White. 1856. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire - Second Edition. pp.539-40.
  •  Aerial Photograph: 1945-84. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. AII 73; AKO 15.
  •  Unpublished Document: R.H. Healey and D.R. Roffe. Some Medieval and Later Earthworks in South Lincolnshire. pp.55-7.
  •  Report: Witham Archaeology. 2015. Land off Helpringham Road, Burton Pedwardine. WA site code: BHPR15.
  •  Archive: Witham Archaeology. 2015. Land off Helpringham Road, Burton Pedwardine. LCNCC 2015.184.



Grid reference Centred TF 1194 4209 (1013m by 849m) Estimated from sources

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (3)

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Mar 21 2021 8:35PM


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