Monument record MLI82814 - Settlement of Kirkby Green


There is evidence for late Anglo-Saxon settlement at Kirkby Green, and may have had an important early church. It is first documented in Domesday Book, and survives to the present.

Type and Period (5)

  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Modern - 800 AD? to 2050 AD)
  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age - 875 AD to 999 AD)
  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age - 1000 AD to 1065 AD)
  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age - 1000 AD to 1065 AD)
  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age - 800 AD? to 1065 AD?)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

PRN 62297 'Kirkby' is derived from Old Danish meaning 'the village with a church', which is normally a name given to villages in which the Danes found a church on their arrival (or even founded by them), and it may have been an early church of some importance. It is suggested that the territory of Kirkby Green was carved out of Scopwick by the Danes. 'Green' refers to a village green (from Middle English). The village was known as Kirkby Green by 1409. {1}{2}{3}{4} Kirkby Green and Scopwick were returned together for the purposes of the Domesday Survey. A church and a priest are mentioned, and it may have been the church suggested by the place-name evidence. Three manors and two holdings of sokeland are mentioned, and the population was comparatively high at that time (minimum population of about 79). One entry records a sokeman with an entire team and four acres of meadow which is unusually high. The men of Navenby were in dispute at the time of the Domesday Survey, and before, about money to be paid, possibly for use of land at Scopwick and Kirkby Green. {7} 22 households were recorded in the Diocesan Returns in 1563, which had fallen to between 10 and 16 families by the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century. {8}{9} There are no separate population statistics for Kirkby Green recorded in the nineteenth century censuses. {10} During a watching brief on a residential development, features dating from the 9th century to the 11th century were recorded in Plot 3 (TF 0849 5784 - PRN 62297a), close to Holy Cross Church and indicating previously unknown activity in the Late Saxon period. Three sherds of 13th to 14th century pottery were recovered from a gully in Plot 3. Two (or three) sherds of probable 16th century pottery were recovered from Plot 2. There is a possibility that these sherds may be Anglo-Saxon - see specialist report (formerly PRNs 62300 and 62301). {5}{6} A possible medieval moat end enclosures are visible on aerial photographs (PRN 62297b). {11}{12}

Sources/Archives (12)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. page 74.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Ekwall, E.. 1960. Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names - Fourth Edition. pp.279-280.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Gillian Fellows Jensen. 1978. Scandinavian Settlement Remains in the East Midlands. pp.313,355.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Paul Everson and David Stocker. 1999. Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture. Lincolnshire. pp.36,39 (Fig 9), 190-91.
  •  Report: Pre-Construct Archaeology. Sept 1999. Land south of Main Street, Kirkby Green, Scopwick. CLKG97.
  •  Archive: Pre-Construct Archaeology. Sept 1999. Land south of Main Street, Kirkby Green, Scopwick. LCNCC 57.97.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 31/14,15;32/24;61/6,8;72/15.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Gerald A.J. Hodgett. 1975. Tudor Lincolnshire. page 190.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: R.E.G. Cole. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part 1: Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. page 74.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William Page (ed). 1906. The Victoria County History: Lincolnshire - Volume 2. page 363.
  •  Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. TF0857:LI.881.22.1-4.
  •  Aerial Photograph: 1945-84. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. AFP20.



Grid reference Centred TF 0871 5782 (695m by 278m) Centre

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (2)

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Mar 21 2021 8:35PM


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