Monument record MLI89251 - Settlement of Cranwell


The settlement of Cranwell is mentioned in Domesday Book and survives to the present.

Type and Period (1)

  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Modern - 1000 AD to 2050 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

PRN 641040 Cranwell is first mentioned in the Domesday Book. It was owned primarily by Gilbert de Gand, although Ramsey Abbey also had half a carucate of land there. The minimum population consisted of 21 sokemen, 2 villeins, 5 bordars and Geoffrey, Gilbert's man. {1} The name Cranwell is of Old English origin and refers to 'the spring where cranes are found'. There are springs to the south of the village. {2} In the Lay Subsidy of 1334, Cranwell's wealth is assessed as £2 13s, which is below average for its wapentake (Flaxwell). {3} The Diocesan Return in 1563 gives 'no figure' for the parish's population. {4} The Diocesan Returns of the late 17th/early 18th century record Cranwell's population as 50 families. {5} Cranwell had a population of 88 people by 1801, rising to 240 in 1851 before falling again to 138 by 1901. {6} The landowners in Cranwell from the medieval period onwards are discussed in Trollope and Yerburgh. {7}{8} A further description of the parish and its residents in 1956 is given in White's Directory. {9}

Sources/Archives (9)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 10/5; 24/36.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. p 34.
  •  Article in Serial: R.E. Glasscock. 1964. 'The Lay Subsidy of 1334 for Lincolnshire' in Lincolnshire Architectural and Archaeological Society Reports and Papers. vol.10.2, p.124.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Gerald A.J. Hodgett. 1975. Tudor Lincolnshire. p 190.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: R.E.G. Cole. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part 1: Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. p 37.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William Page (ed). 1906. The Victoria County History: Lincolnshire - Volume 2. p 362.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Edward Trollope. 1872. Sleaford and the Wapentakes of Flaxwell and Aswardhurn in the County of Lincoln. pp 217-19.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Yerburgh, Dr Richard. 1825. Sketches Illustrative of the Topography and History of New and Old Sleaford. pp 183-88.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William White. 1856. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire - Second Edition. pp 445-46.



Grid reference Centred TF 03218 49992 (357m by 471m)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

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Record last edited

Mar 21 2021 8:35PM


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