Monument record MLI85877 - Settlement of Toynton St Peter


The settlement of Toynton St Peter has its origins in the late Anglo-Saxon period, and survives to the present.

Type and Period (2)

  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Modern - 1000 AD? to 2050 AD)
  • (Medieval - 1275 AD to 1499 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

The settlement of Toynton Saint Peter has its origins in the Anglo-Saxon period, and was documented in the Domesday Book. At that time there was a small area of sokeland belonging to a manor at Spilsy, which was owned by the Bishop of Durham (3/26). There were two bovates of land with one sokeman recorded. There was also a much larger area of sokeland belonging to the manor at Bolingbroke, which was owned by Ivo de Taillebois. 40 sokemen, 7 villeins and 3 bordars were recorded there. A church was also recorded (14/80). {1} Toynton was known as 'Totintun' at the time of the Domesday Book, and means 'the farmstead or village associated with or called after Tota' from the Old English personal noun 'Tota', with the Old English connective participle 'ing' and Old English 'tun'. Toynton All Saints and Toynton Saint Peter first appear to be referred to separately in documentary records in 1254. {2} The Poll Tax returns of 1377 return Toynton All Saints and Toynton Saint Peter together. At that time there were 183 households. {3} The Diocesan Returns of 1563 record 48 households in Toynton Saint Peter. {4} In the late 17th and early 18th century the population had dipped to 30-32 families. {5} The population was 245 in 1801, which rose to 323 in 1901, and peaked in 1851 at 486. {6} Earthwork remains have been recorded from aerial photography, mostly to the south and east of the church. These remains have been interpreted as being those of medieval settlement, and include ponds, enclosures, crew yards, crofts, platforms, stack stands and parts of a field system. {7} A watching brief was undertaken on the Vacuum Mains Sewerage Pipeline, Toynton St Peter during groundworks. Four separate findspots were recovered within the area of Toynton St Peter settlement. These were at (TF 4056 6328) (TF 4048 6326) (TF 4056 6307) (TF 4058 6296). {8}{9}

Sources/Archives (9)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: Morris, J. (ed.). 1986. Domesday Book for Lincolnshire. 3/26, 14/80.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. p.129.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Graham Platts. 1985. Land and People in Medieval Lincolnshire. p.307.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Gerald A.J. Hodgett. 1975. Tudor Lincolnshire. p.194.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: R.E.G. Cole. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part 1: Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. p.132.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William Page (ed). 1906. The Victoria County History: Lincolnshire - Volume 2. p.366.
  •  Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. TF3963, TF4063:LI.474.4.1-21.
  •  Report: Lindsey Archaeological Services. May 2005. Watching brief on Vacuum Mains Sewerage Pipeline, Toynton St Peter. TSPW04.
  •  Archive: Lindsey Archaeological Services. May 2005. Watching brief on Vacuum Mains Sewerage Pipeline, Toynton St Peter. LCNCC 2005.4.



Grid reference Centred TF 4027 6319 (1010m by 536m) Approximate

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (0)

Record last edited

May 26 2021 12:53PM


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