Monument record MLI82403 - The settlement of Barrowby


The settlement of Barrowby has probably existed since at least the late Anglo-Saxon period, and survives to the present day

Type and Period (9)

Protected Status/Designation

Full Description

PRN 35493 This record now incorporates the former PRNs 30111 (part of), 30114, 35294, 35324 and 35322, which have now been removed from the SMR. The settlement of Barrowby is first mentioned in the Domesday Book, as land held by Robert Malet in the wapentake of Winnibriggs, but the settlement probably dates from the late Anglo-Saxon period, although evidence for this is very limited (see below). There was a manor, and Godwin had eight carucates of land assessed to the geld. There was land for fifteen teams, with Robert holding five teams in demesne and two sokemen on ten bovates of this land, and fifty villeins and two bordars holding ten teams. One mill rendered three shillings per year, and there were sixty acres of meadow, a church and a priest. {1} The place-name Barrowby ('Bergebi' in Domesday) means 'the farmstead village on the hills', deriving from the Old Norse 'berg' and the Old Danish 'by'. {2}{3} The parish of Barrowby provided a water supply to Grantham from the 14th century onwards, with a conduit being built by the Franciscan Greyfriars in 1314. The terminus was rebuilt in 1597 and repaired at several dates since this time. {12} In the early 1700s, the population stood at roughly 60 families {13}, and the parish was enclosed by Act of Parliament in 1762. {12} By the 1801 census, the population stood at 465 individuals, increasing to 905 individuals by the 1901 census. {14} White recorded that a school house was built in 1852 (location uncertain), and in 1856 at least one smithy and a corn mill (possibly PRN 30105) existed. {15} The Ordnance Survey County Series map of Barrowby in 1931 has a handwritten notation for 'Forge Cottage' at circa SK8793 3622 {16}, now known as 'The Old Smithy'. Physical evidence for Anglo-Saxon settlement is limited to a late 10th- early 11th century grave cover embedded in the south chancel wall of the medieval church (see PRN 30099). {19} However, this does not preclude the existence of an earlier, Anglo-Saxon church on the same site. Physical evidence for the medieval period appears in several forms:- ridge and furrow surrounds the settlement, and a medieval moated site can be found at SK8769 3641 (see PRN 30110), with an earthwork boundary and pond to the south at approximately SK8773 3625. {4}{6}{7} Slightly to the east of these at approximately SK8778 3624, the Ordnance Survey noted a hollow way and an area of disturbance thought to indicate contraction of the village. {8} During a watching brief in 1990 in the village, medieval pottery, a bone domino, slag and drystone walling were recorded; a report appears in the HTL parish file. {7} A sherd of 12th-14th century Bourne A/B ware was recorded at approximately SK878 363 during a watching brief. {9}{10} At approximately SK 885 357, the spoil heap of a new housing project produced approximately twenty sherds of medieval pottery. {7} A possible rabbit warren is indicated by the field name 'Coneygree', south-west of the village at approximately SK876 355. {11} During a watching brief at approximately SK8785 3628, an undated pit was recorded; its function was uncertain, but an absence of finds makes domestic use unlikely. Two sherds of post-medieval pottery and a piece of ceramic wall tile were also recorded.{9}{10} During a watching brief at approximately SK8784 3626, a further undated pit was recorded, thought to be relatively recent; this may have been where a tree root had been removed. Six sherds of post-medieval pottery and an 18th century clay pipe stem were also recorded.{17}{18} During a watching brief at SK8789 3652 part of an undated ditch was revealed. {20}{21}

Sources/Archives (21)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 58/2.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. page 10.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Ekwall, E.. 1960. Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names - Fourth Edition. p. 28.
  •  Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. SK 83 NE LI.726.3.1; LI.726.4.1; LI.726.2.1-2.
  •  Aerial Photograph: Hunting Surveys Ltd. 1971-2. Hunting Surveys Aerial Photography. HSL UK71 85 Run 87 1413-14; HSL Uk 71 87 Run 89 1465-66.
  •  Unpublished Document: R.H. Healey and D.R. Roffe. Some Medieval and Later Earthworks in South Lincolnshire. Vol 1, p.74-75; Vol 2, Fig. 53.
  •  Index: South Kesteven records. Barrowby. SK 06.59.
  •  Index: OS CARD INDEX. BARROWBY. SK 83 NE:5.
  •  Report: Archaeological Project Services. Jan 2001. Land adjacent to Casthorpe Road, Barrowby. BCRB99.
  •  Archive: Archaeological Project Services. Jan 2001. Land adjacent to Casthorpe Road, Barrowby. LCNCC 2001.10.
  •  Index: SMR FILE. BARROWBY. SK 83 NE: AN.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: KINGS SCHOOL ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 1969. Barrowby: A guide to the archaeology of the parish. Barrowby Guide.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: R.E.G. Cole. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part 1: Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. p. 10.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William Page (ed). 1906. The Victoria County History: Lincolnshire - Volume 2. p. 364.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William White. 1856. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire - Second Edition. pp. 373-374.
  •  Map: Ordnance Survey. 1904. Ordnance Survey County Series twenty-five inch map 1904. paper. 1:2500. 1931 Sheet 113.15.
  •  Report: Archaeological Project Services. Jan 2001. Land adjacent to Windygates, Casthorpe Road, Barrowby. BCRA00.
  •  Archive: Archaeological Project Services. Jan 2001. Land adjacent to Windygates, Casthorpe Road, Barrowby. LCNCC 2001.213.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Paul Everson and David Stocker. 1999. Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture. Lincolnshire. pp. 36, 37, 43, 44, 96, 100, 109.
  •  Report: Lindsey Archaeological Services. 2002. Barrowby CE Primary School, Barrowby. BPSE 02.
  •  Archive: Lindsey Archaeological Services. 2002. Barrowby CE Primary School, Barrowby. LCNCC:2002.202.



Grid reference Centred SK 8812 3608 (1794m by 1225m) Estimated from sources

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

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Record last edited

Mar 21 2021 8:35PM


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