Monument record MLI89217 - Deserted settlement of Roxholm


The settlement of Roxholm is mentioned in Domesday Book and faint earthwork traces of it survive today.

Type and Period (2)

  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Post Medieval - 1000 AD to 1600 AD)
  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Post Medieval - 1000 AD to 1600 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

The village of Roxholm (or Roxham) is mentioned in Domesday Book. It belonged to Alfred of Lincoln and Geoffrey Alselin, and it had a minimum population of 8 villeins. {1} The name Roxholm is derived from the Old English personal name 'Hroc' and the Old English suffix 'ham' meaning homestead or estate, so the name means 'Hroc's homestead, estate'. {2} The Lay Subsidy of 1334 lists the parish's wealth as £3 4s 7 3/4p, around average, if a little low, for its wapentake (Flaxwell). {3} The Diocesan Return of 1563 records 11 families resident in Roxholm. {4} Roxholm is not listed in the Diocesan Returns of the early 18th century. {5} By the early 19th century there were 49 families resident in the parish, rising to 139 in 1871 before falling again to 118 by 1901. {6} A few faint traces of earthworks representing possible late medieval crofts can be seen to the south of Old Hall Farm. {7}{8}{9} The various families and individuals who held land in Roxholme parish in the medieval and post medieval are listed and discussed in Trollope's 'History of Sleaford' and aslo in Yerburgh, 1825. These sources also mention sites, for instance an 'ancient family house', that are now unlocated. {10} A short description of the parish and its inhabitants in 1856 is given in White's Directory. {11}

Sources/Archives (12)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 27/44; 64/11.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. p.103.
  •  Article in Serial: R.E. Glasscock. 1964. 'The Lay Subsidy of 1334 for Lincolnshire' in Lincolnshire Architectural and Archaeological Society Reports and Papers. vol.10.2, p.124.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Gerald A.J. Hodgett. 1975. Tudor Lincolnshire. p.190.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: R.E.G. Cole. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part 1: Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. -.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William Page (ed). 1906. The Victoria County History: Lincolnshire - Volume 2. p.362.
  •  Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. TF0649: LI 853.5.
  •  Index: Lincolnshire County Council. Sites and Monuments Record Card Index. TF 04 NE.
  •  Index: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey Card Index. TF 04 NE.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Edward Trollope. 1872. Sleaford and the Wapentakes of Flaxwell and Aswardhurn in the County of Lincoln. pp.293-4.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William White. 1856. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire - Second Edition. p.451.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Yerburgh, Dr Richard. 1825. Sketches Illustrative of the Topography and History of New and Old Sleaford. pp 300-302.



Grid reference Centred TF 06167 49667 (296m by 340m)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Sep 17 2021 3:38PM


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