Monument record MLI84399 - Settlement of Binbrook


The settlement of Binbrook has its origins in the Anglo-Saxon period and survives to the present day.

Type and Period (6)

Protected Status/Designation

Full Description

The name Binbrook originates from the Old English. It means 'the brook associated with or named after Bynna', Bynna is an Old English personal name. {1} Domesday records three manors in Binbrook, with land held by Robert De Todeni, Osbern the priest and Guy of Craon. Binbrook, which is in the wapentake of Walshcroft, had a minimum population of 83 in 1086. Domesday also records the two churches, four mills, three manors and a priest. {2} The Lindsey Survey records land held by Robert De Insula, William Turniant and possibly Alan of Craon. {3} There were two recorded markets in Binbrook, one charter held by Walter de Kirkham in 1235 granted a three-day market on 28th to 30th August. The second charter given to William de Gaunt of Binbrook allowed a three-day market in early July. {4} The enclosure of Binbrook was carried out in two stages, the first Enclosure Act was between 1737-47 and it allotted almost 543 acres as cow pasture. This cow pasture was common land and to be used by all the inhabitants of Binbrook. In 1804-06 the cow pasture land was enclosed and the land divided amongst the main landowners of the village. {5} Prior to approximately 1851, population figures in Binbrook were recorded in two separate areas, Binbrook St Mary and Binbrook St Gabriel. Binbrook was a polyfocal settlement, focused on the two churches, St Mary's and St Gabriel's. An Act of Parliament in approximately 1851 united these separate 'areas' and all subsequent population figures were combined after this date. The overall population peaked in 1861 with 1334 souls being noted. The population then fell steadily over the next forty years and in 1901 the census recorded 922 people. {6}{7} Earthworks of medieval and post-medieval settlement and agricultural activity survive around the present settlement of Binbrook. They include the remains of former enclosures, ridge and furrow, linear features, ponds, buildings and hollow ways. {8}{9}{10}{11}{12} Sherds of 13th and 14th century Lincoln and Toynton Ware pottery were found during building works on land off Rectory Close (TF 2139 9402). {13} A hollow way has been identified underneath the modern school yard in Binbrook (TF 2090 9417). It has been interpreted as possibly being part of a much older village layout. {14} A resident of the village reports that part of the possible hollow way referred to above has been tarmaced within living memory. It originally had a hedge or fence on either side, but these were removed after extensive vandalism. {15} The earthwork remains of a square shaped enclosure have been noted on land to the south-east of Binbrook (TF 2132 9353). An interpretation of the feature as the remains of a moated site has been suggested by a local resident. {16} The earthworks associated with the possible moated site referred to above were visible on aerial photographs and were recorded by the National Mapping Programme. {17}

Sources/Archives (17)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. p.14.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. LXXXIV, 18/7, 53/2 and 57/6.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. L7/5, 6, 8.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Graham Platts. 1985. Land and People in Medieval Lincolnshire. Appendix 1.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: RUSSELL, R.C. AND RUSSELL, E.. 1983. MAKING NEW LANDSCAPES IN LINCOLNSHIRE. pp.24-7.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William Page (ed). 1906. The Victoria County History: Lincolnshire - Volume 2. p.375.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Dorothy M. Owen. 1971. Church and Society in Medieval England. p.4.
  •  Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. TF2193: LI.266.6.1-19.
  •  Aerial Photograph: 1945-84. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. BUX 011.
  •  Aerial Photograph: 1945-84. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. BYW 94.
  •  Aerial Photograph: 1945-84. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. AFP 60.
  •  Aerial Photograph: 1946-98. RCHME. 2922/20.
  •  Index: Lincolnshire County Council. Sites and Monuments Record Card Index. TF 29 SW: E.
  •  Correspondence: Chris Padley. 2003. Hollow Way in Binbrook. 03/11/2003.
  •  Verbal Communication: Eileen Dawson. 2006. Binbrook Hollow Way. 01/11/2006.
  •  Verbal Communication: Eileen Dawson. 2009. Binbrook moat. 05/08/2009.
  •  Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. TF2193.



Grid reference Centred TF 2094 9385 (1065m by 1174m) Estimated from Sources

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Sep 1 2021 9:05AM


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