Monument record MLI60781 - Settlement of Brant Broughton


The settlement of Brant Broughton has its origins in the Anglo-Saxon period and survives to the present.

Type and Period (3)

  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Modern - 850 AD? to 2050 AD)
  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Medieval - 850 AD to 1539 AD)
  • (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

Full Description

In the Domesday Book Brant Broughton is recorded as a single manor with associated sokeland containing no less than eighteen carucates of land. This doubtless includes land in what is now adajcent localities such as Little Stapleford and Stragglethorpe. The population at the time of the Domesday Survey was 36 villeins, 9 bordars, 15 sokemen and 11 other bordars, making a minimum population of 77. A church and priest (see PRN 63022) and a mill are also mentioned (see PRN63019). {1} The 'Broughton' part of the name means 'the farmstead, village by or belonging to a fortified place' from the Old English 'burh' and 'tun'. The affix 'Brant' is the Middle English past participle 'burnt'. The village must have burnt down, perhaps in the 13th century. The modern form Brant has no doubt been influenced by that of the River Brant on which Broughton stands, but has a different etymology. {2} A charter was acquired by Oliver de Albiniaco in 1245 for a fair to be held on Tuesdays in May and/or June, lasting for three days. {3} The number of households was recorded in the Diocesan Returns in 1563 as 40, rising to around 60 in the late 17th and early 18th century. {4}{5} In 1801 the population was 567, rising to a 19th century peak of 755 in 1861, and falling again to 558 in 1901. {6} During a watching brief at Church Lane (SK 9159 5402) several sherds of medieval pottery were recovered. Several features were identified which included pits, ditches and a post hole. Due to absence of finds from the fills they were unlikely to have been used for refuse disposal, and they could not be securely dated, but may be medieval (formerly 60782). {7}{8} Fieldwalking on land adjacent to the church (SK 9140 5393) identified pottery from a number of periods including 17 Late Saxon sherds and 144 medieval sherds. The quantity of medieval finds would suggest more activity than simply the effect of spreading manure on the fields and may well indicate the presence of medieval settlement. This would be expected close to the church (formerly 60656 60658). {9} During a watching brief at Church Walk (SK 9158 5401), three undated features were recorded. A ditch, aligned east/west, was thought to be a former property boundary. Two undated pits were of unknown function. All these features were sealed by a subsoil containing a fragment of 18th-19th century roof tile, suggesting a date earlier than the 18th century for the features (formerly 61521). {10}{11} In 1970, two silver pennies and a half penny were found in a garden on Swan Street in the north of Brant Broughton (SK 917 545). The first is Henry III (1216-1272). R NICOLE ON LUND. (London mint Class 3b North No.987). The second is Henry III. R GILEBERT ON (C)ANT (Canterbury mint Class 5c North No.993). The half penny is from the Canterbury mint. {12}

Sources/Archives (12)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 12/47.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. pp.21-22.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Graham Platts. 1985. Land and People in Medieval Lincolnshire. Appendix 1.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Gerald A.J. Hodgett. 1975. Tudor Lincolnshire. Appendix 2.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: R.E.G. Cole. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part 1: Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. p.22.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William Page (ed). 1906. The Victoria County History: Lincolnshire - Volume 2. p.363.
  •  Report: Archaeological Project Services. 1997. LAND AT CHURCH LANE. BCH97.
  •  Archive: Archaeological Project Services. 1997. LAND AT CHURCH LANE. LCNCC 234.97.
  •  Report: Kate Orr. 1996. Archaeological Fieldwalking Survey Report, Brant Broughton. -.
  •  Report: Archaeological Project Services. Feb 2001. Land adjacent to Church Walk, Brant Broughton. BBC00.
  •  Archive: Archaeological Project Services. Feb 2001. Land adjacent to Church Walk, Brant Broughton. LCNCC 2001.36.
  •  Index: Lincolnshire County Council. Sites and Monuments Record Card Index. SK 95 SW: F.



Grid reference Centred SK 9165 5420 (743m by 928m)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Mar 21 2021 8:35PM


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