Monument record MLI60773 - Medieval settlement of Skinnand


Medieval settlement of Skinnand

Type and Period (2)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

60773 The settlement of Skinnand is first documented in the Domesday Book, when the manor was recorded as belonging to Robert of Stafford. The minimum population at that time comprised seven villeins. {1} It was known at that time as ‘Schinende’, the derivation of which is not certain. It is suggested that it derives from Old English, and that the initial consonant ‘Sh’ was subsequently Scandinavianised to ‘Sk’. However, it is also suggested that the name is derived from Old Scandinavian. The name comes from the word ‘shining’, so probably meaning ‘the shining river or stream’, as the village is located adjacent to the River Brant. There is a theory that due to its low-lying position, it seems unlikely that it was selected for settlement from an early date, but that it owed its temporary prosperity to the fertility of the Low Fields, which may have been originally carved out of the territory of Wellingore. Furthermore, Skinnand was more populous at Domesday than nearby Navenby and its foundation can, in all probability, also be ascribed to the Vikings. {2}{14}{15} By 1185 land had been given to the Knights Templars, who were also receiving 20 shillings from a mill (see PRN 63250) at Skinnand, given to them by another benefactor. {9} In 1332 the Lay Subsidies show eight tax-payers, which may equate to about 40 inhabitants. {9} By 1428 there were fewer than ten householders, and 1563 five families remained. {3}{4} In the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century one Quaker family was recorded at Skinnand. The church was said to have been in good repair in 1602, but by the end of the century, the church was noted as being in ruins at that time, and there was no resident incumbent, because there was no rectory house. {5}{9} Much of the land appears to have been enclosed by 1638. {9} The population was 12 in 1801, which rose to 39 in 1881, and was 30 in 1901. It was still a separate parish in the nineteenth century, and the churchyard was still used until the mid-nineteenth century. {6}{10} There are extensive settlement remains surviving as earthworks at Skinnand. There is also a large area which has been ploughed out. {7}{8}{12}

Sources/Archives (15)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 59/18.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. page 111.
  •  Index: OS CARD INDEX. NAVENBY. SK 95 NW:2,1963, DA.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Gerald A.J. Hodgett. 1975. Tudor Lincolnshire. Appendix 1.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: R.E.G. Cole. 1913. Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub Episcopis Gul: Wake et Edm: Gibson A.D.1705-1723. Part 1: Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow. pp.xiv,xxi,1,12,60,109.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William Page (ed). 1906. The Victoria County History: Lincolnshire - Volume 2. page 361.
  •  Aerial Photograph: COLE, C.. 1993-2002. InnerVisions Business Presentations. 202/0997/17A, 1997.
  •  Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. LI.710.2.1-18,1995.
  •  Unpublished Document: Marriott, C. J.. 1994. Deserted Medieval Villages: Skinnand, Kesteven, Lincolnshire. -.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: William White. 1856. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire - Second Edition. pp.339-340.
  •  Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-06. 25 Inch County Series Map - Second Edition. 1:2500. 86/9.
  •  Aerial Photograph: 1945-84. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. AWR74-75 31/1/69.
  •  Index: SMR FILE. NAVENBY. SK 95 NW:C.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Ekwall, E.. 1960. Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names - Fourth Edition. page 425.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Gillian Fellows Jensen. 1978. Scandinavian Settlement Remains in the East Midlands. pp.312.313.



Grid reference Centred SK 9411 5745 (574m by 652m)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (3)

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Mar 21 2021 8:35PM


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