Monument record MLI53174 - The settlement of Stainton by Langworth


The settlement of Stainton by Langworth appears in Domesday and is thought to date from the Late Saxon period. It survives to the present day.

Type and Period (7)

  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Modern - 870 AD to 2050 AD)
  • (Early Medieval/Dark Age to Medieval - 900 AD to 1099 AD)
  • (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1400 AD? to 1700 AD?)
  • (Post Medieval - 1700 AD to 1899 AD)
  • (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1400 AD? to 1700 AD?)
  • (Post Medieval - 1700 AD to 1899 AD)
  • (Post Medieval - 1700 AD to 1899 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

PRN 53174 This record now incorporates the former record PRN 53175. The settlement of Stainton by Langworth, in the wapentake of Wraggoe, appears in the Domesday survey as land belonging to Earl Hugh. A manor and a mill (PRN 54794) rendering twelve pence are documented. Godric had three carucates (about 360 acres) of land assessed for tax. Osbern, the earl's man, had land there in demesne. There were eighty acres of meadow and one hundred and forty acres of underwood. The minimum population at the time of Domesday in 1086 was fifteen people.{1} Ekwall suggests that the placename Stainton derives from the Scandinavian words 'stain' and 'tune', themselves the Scandinavianised form of the Old English 'Stantun', appearing to mean 'stone' and 'enclosure'. Langworth derives from the Old Scandinavian 'langa vað', meaning 'long ford', and is later associated with the Old Scandinavian 'viðr', meaning 'wood', and with Old English 'worÞ’.{2} Cameron suggests the same derivation for Stainton as Ekwall, but with the meaning 'the farmstead, village on stony ground'.{3} Everson notes that the settlement of Stainton shows no documented sign of population decline (the figures are usually for the whole group of settlements of Stainton and its members, including Newball, Reasby and East Langworth), apart from some reduction between 1563 and 1700. This was then recovered, yet in 1607 it was returned as one of the 'greate depopulations and decayes of husbandrie' in Lindsey (albeit affecting only four farms).{4} During trial trenching in 1998, centred on TF0627 7779, features relating to the settlement were recorded. Four sherds of tenth to twelfth century pottery were recovered. A north/south aligned recut ditch containing late medieval or early post medieval brick and tile was thought to be a boundary relating to agriculture. An east to west aligned linear feature visible as a depression across the site dated to the eighteenth to nineteenth century, and may have been a path or ditch.{6}{7}

Sources/Archives (7)

  •  Bibliographic Reference: C.W. Foster and T. Longley. 1924. Lincolnshire Domesday and Lindsey Survey. 13/24, L16/1.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Ekwall, E.. 1960. Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names - Fourth Edition. pp.78, 116.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: Kenneth Cameron. 1998. A Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-Names. pages 436, 437, 482.
  •  Bibliographic Reference: P.L. Everson, C.C. Taylor and C.J. Dunn. 1991. Change and Continuity: Rural Settlement in North-West Lincolnshire. ARCHIVE NOTES.
  •  Map: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1992-1996. National Mapping Programme. TF0677: LI.539.1.1-4, 1994.
  •  Report: Archaeological Project Services. May 1998. Stainton Lane, Stainton by Langworth. SSL98.
  •  Archive: Archaeological Project Services. May 1998. Stainton Lane, Stainton by Langworth. LCNCC 112.98.



Grid reference Centred TF 0621 7777 (438m by 858m) Approximate

Related Monuments/Buildings (4)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Mar 21 2021 8:35PM


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